Bahrain is the dual form of the Arabic world bahr (sea), so Al-Bahrain originally means “the two seas”. It is a beautiful country located near the western shores of the Arabian Gulf and is an archipelago of 33 islands; covering an area of 770 sq. Km, with the highest point of the country being only 122 meters above sea level known as Jabal Al Dukhan. Bahrain has been one of the Gulf’s most important commercial crossroads for over 4,000 years.
KINGDOM OF BAHRAIN
AVERAGE MONTHLY TEMPERATURES
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THE CAPITAL OF BAHRAIN
Manama, the largest city in Bahrain, is the capital and the focal point of Bahrain’s economy. Manama enjoys a distinct reputation as a tourism and cultural hub regionally and internationally, as shown by its selection as the Capital of Arab Culture in 2012, and Capital of Arab Tourism in 2013, and Capital of Asian Tourism in 2014.
THE POLITICAL SYSTEM
The Political system is in a framework of a constitutional monarchy where the government is appointed by the King of Bahrain, His Majesty King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa.
The head of the government since 1971 is Prime Minister Prince Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa along with the Crown Prince, Prince Salman bin Hamad Al Khalifa, who serves as Commander of the Bahrain Defence Force. The parliament is a bicameral legislature, with the Chamber of Deputies elected by a general election, and the Shura Council nominated
directly by the king.
Bahrain is one of the most diversified economies in the G.C.C. with highly developed communication and transport facilities, this makes Bahrain home to numerous multinational firms with business in the Gulf. Bahrain has grown successfully over the past 10 years, due to its liberal economic policies, and has a clear roadmap for making Bahrain a more sustainable, competitive and fair economy. The country’s annual real GDP growth ranged between 2.1% and 8.3% over the period, according to the Central Informatics Organization.